Clothing manufacture

by dianne on January 21, 2018


According to Tyler, (2008, p.1) Clothing produce can be an activity dominated by the need for human skills, with an excellent range of recycleables, product types, production technology, production volumes, retail marketplaces and brands.

These days, consumers are being influenced by style trends, thereby getting the enticement of the ongoing newness and must buy and match the latest appearance have become the order of your day. People believe their glimpse is what matters most and so are very very much keen in updating it with trend.

The term style describes the current prevailing trends in the society for instance, concerning a particular method of dressing, lifestyle, structure of idea and the production of the arts (Eberle et al, 2004, p.217)

The approach towards so-called a�?Fast-style’ within many retailers implies that the designers possess a many shorter development period in order that the store can respond to new trends within a subject of weeks (Goworek, 2006, p.31). Fast trend in my own understanding simply means the opportunity to respond right away to current fashion tendencies. Hence, as a result of the raising demand of products by customers, new technologies are constantly being introduced to fashion industries to improve and quicken production.

The goal of this study is to go over the technologies involved in the production and assembly of different product and find out how it has contributed to fast style.

Technology is the procedure for applying technical devices and knowledge to suit a particular work or purpose, subsequently, fashion technology may be the process by which these technical units and knowledge are applied to the construction and production of fashion products. Even so, working in the style sector requires an adapt know-how and understanding of technologies mixed up in development and assembly of new products.


The aim of this literature analysis is to establish that relevant work has already been completed in the discipline. In particular I am keen to demonstrate in this section that this term paper is situated upon a thorough knowledge of the field, and also to establish evidence that I’ve researched in to the subject.

"Fast fashion" is normally a term that identifies affordable essentials and disposable trends. It has additionally been used as a term to spell it out clothing collections which derive from the most recent fashion trends. (Attire search, 2009) a�?a�?Fashion goods have a restricted life cycle, way more than other products.” (Gowerek, 2004, p. 142) Regarding to Tyler, (2008), Fashion requires a quick response, that is to say that fashion apparel has a short product lifestyle and differentiation advantages can be built on the photos and styles of brands that can be quickly imitated. Fashion manufacturers have continually worked hard to provide new products to fully capture the creativeness of the consumers with these innovative styles and images and so technological advancement has brought about the launch of ready-to-wear/mass production apparel.

Integration of quick response has given the fashion producers a whole lot of advantage as they have developed new capabilities known as quick response ways of supplant timing and know-how which facilitates them in the assembly and development of only apparel that sells.



The steps involved with garment assembly are called procedures. (Frings, 2008, p. 260) the three methods of procedures are; the progressive-bundle system, the tailor or complete garment program, and the modular manufacturing system. Automated systems are now being used in fashion factories to speed up development and cut lead period. There several computer technology being used along the way of garment assembly; computer-aided manufacturing(CAM), unit production system(UPS), computer-built-in manufacturing(CIM) , computer simulation, and flexible manufacturing.


Product development is a process of creating new style within a given company’s image or identification. (Frings, 2008) Both technologies mixed up in development and assembly process of new product are; Seam technology and Machinery technology.


The seam technologies happen to be; seam type, stitch type, needle, thread and feed mechanism.


A seam is usually a joint in which a sequence of stitches unites several pieces of material. (cooklin, 2006, p. 110) Seams have several real estate; strength, extensibility, elasticity, protection, durability and good appearance tending to be looked at during product development. According to Tyler, (2008), the British normal has classified seam into eight classes in line with the minimum amount of parts that make up the seam. These classes happen to be; Class 1- superimposed seam that includes Basic, French and Piped seams, School 2- lapped seam which contain basic lapped, lap-felled and welted seam, Class 3- bound seam, Class 4- flat seam- consisting of butt and flatlock seams, Class 5- ornamental stitching, Class 6- advantage neatening, Category7- addition of trims, and Category 8- one-place ingredients. (Tyler, 20008)


Thread and stitches will be the primary method of garment assembly (Glock et al, 2000, p.427) British standard has also categorized stitches into six classes; Class 100- solo thread chain stitches, used for temporary stitching, Class 200- palm stitches used for sewing edges, School 300- lockstitches that happen to be suitable for closing, lapping and designing, Class 400- multi-thread chain stitches utilized as cross seams and side seams, Course 500- overedge chain stitches employed to neaten and bind of slash edges of a woven and knitted materials, and School 600- covering chain stitches used to create smooth extensible seams on knitted materials. Each one of the above classified stitches has several stitch types within them. (Eberle et al, 2004, p. 167)


Machine needles come in various sizes and shapes and should be utilized on individual machines, stitch types, threads and fabrics. The two basic classes of needle tips are Circular and Cutting points needles. Circular points needles includes thin set points which are used for blind stitches and for great densely woven materials, set cloth points, large set point used especially for button sewing machines, light ball details used for sensitive fabric such as knits, medium ball stage and heavy ball items. Cutting points needles which are used sewing leather and movies or covered and laminated textiles happen to be left cutting items and spear details. (Eberle et al, 2004)


The threads are being used to form stitches on materials. They are made from either natural or synthetic fibres or both and so are chosen regarding to suitability for sewing in relation to uniform thickness, smoothness, elasticity and strength. Cotton is used to make natural fibre threads and nylon is employed to make synthetic fibre threads. Sewing threads experience the same procedure for production with yarns. The fibres happen to be carded, combed, drawn and spun into yarns which in turn will be twisted into sewing threads. Sewing threads can also be Z or S twist. The fibre on the surface of a Z twisted thread will be faced to the proper when the thread is usually held vertically while the fibre on the top of an S twisted fabric are faced left when the thread can be held vertically. The properties of threads are; colours, diameter, finish off, size, twist and cord content. Qualities of sewing thread happen to be colours, fastness, flexibility, elongation, power, shrinkage, twist equilibrium, etc.


It is essential to consider the issues of feed mechanism in the process of product expansion. Feed mechanism is a process found in a sewing machine to join fabrics together whereby device feeds the fabrics past the needle to achieve good fit, style appearance and effectiveness. The sewing equipment feed system are drop feed, differential feed, variable best and bottom feed (before and behind the needle), substance feed, alternating substance feed, puller feed (roller feed) and clamp feed(jig). Feed mechanism comprises of three sewing machine parts; presser ft ., throat plate and feed dog. Materials feed is achieved by the feed doggie which contains many rows of serrated teeth. The feed pet dog is relocated upwards and forwards through slits in the throat plate to activate with the other area of the material being sewn and also to enhance it by a distance of one stitch length. Call between feed dog and materials is is manipulated by the spring-loaded presser feet. The feed pet is in that case lowered and moved back to its starting posture. (Eberle et al, 2004, p.162)


Machinery technologies are; standard sewing machines, straightforward automatics, automated workstations and reprogrammable automatic system. Machinery is a very important aspect of product development because it is very important to note the available machines together with their capabilities. There are various classes of sewing machines used in clothing manufacture and included in these are; basic sewing machines, basic automatics, automated workstations, reprogrammable automated systems.


Basic sewing machines contain a stand, table, electric powered motor, and a brain. It offers one stitch type and possesses various shapes with means which allows the operator to regulate the speed of sewing, stitch density and presser foot placement. (Tyler, 20008) there are numerous types of fundamental sewing machine; toned bed, raised bed, post bed, cylinder bed, feed-off-arm bed, aspect bed, etc.


These are manipulated manually however the movement of the pieces to be sewn happen to be being controlled by distinctive cams during the complete sewing operation. Simple automatic machine produces only one configuration of sewing. Examples of simple automatic machines happen to be buttonholers, buttonsewers, bar tack equipment and label sewers. (Tyler, 20008)


These use electric, electric and pneumatic control and incorporate sophisticated conveyor and clamp technology and do complex functions furthermore to sewing. (Tyler, 20008) These devices are, profile sewing program, CNC sewing equipment and robots. Examples are patch pocket environment on jeans and t shirts, function stitching collars or flaps, extended seam joining, making jetted pockets, serging trousers and sequential buttonholing. Apart from loading and eliminating the garment after sewing, the device controls the rest of the handling and sewing. (Tyler, 20008) Sophisticated automatic workstations contain numerical control, automated loading, unloading, border sensors and other smart features. (Lecture note)


In reprogrammable automated system, garment parts happen to be loaded and a series of machines carries out a series of operations to a section of a garment, for example, one system utilises robotic handling to put together a three-part denims pocket. (Tyler, 20008) Even so, these reprogrammable automated systems are not but being used commercially.


These are commercial machines referred to as high speed equipment, generally provided with several ancillary mechanisms whose function is normally to reduce enough time desired by the operator for non-sewing activities. (Eberle et al, 2004) The ancillary equipment for industrial high speed sewing machines will be; thread cutter, thread wiper, automated presser foot, needle positioning, stitch compression, bar tacking, computerized begin using an optical sensor, automated stop using an optical sensor, edge trimmer and edge trimmer(stepped). (Eberle et al, 2004)


CAD this means computer aided design and style is another technology identified as quick response element. a�?a�?CAD systems are actually the essential tools required to integrate and achieve success taking the purpose of the a�?comfigurator’ between manufacture and retail.” (Beazley and Bond, 2003, p. vii) CAD can be used in the designing of new styles, along with ethical specifications and features of routine creation, grading, production of cutting markers and lay preparing in garment production.


Technology is a very important part of product development since it ensures quality, with ideal fit, fashionable and appealing appearance and boosts production to meet with consumer satisfaction. Vogue needs be based upon the innovative technical development of the style industry because only ground breaking technology and manufacture can break through into the ongoing fast fashion.

Much innovation and interest popular has given consumers a whole lot of choice in maintaining fashion trend. The fashion industry is currently being faced with a lot of challenges because fashion is an everyday activity which we are able to never do without. Relating to Enthusiast (2004, p.1), a�?a�?our appearance is our virtually all apparent individual characteristics…counting on appearance to steer personal decisions and interpersonal interactions is not only natural, but inescapable. Your body and the way it really is clothed and presented is a major medium of expression, for it makes statements on the condition of society itself”. Hence, style demands are drastically increasing every now and then so as to meet the fast fashion.

The ultimate aim of manufacturers and vendors of clothing is to supply clothing for the whole range of their target market that constantly fits well to increase customer satisfaction and ultimate revenue. (Ashdown, 2007, p. 348) To do this ultimate goal, manufactures must always create and interpret innovative trends, thus making sure they adhere to the norms and technology that are involved in the day-to-day procedure for product assembly. Consequently, current technologies will be the basic requirements of item development which really helps to results in an innovation referred to as quick response. Quick response is certainly a term applied for the tactics being used to achieve fast fashion.

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